It’s no secret that many software development teams now favor agile development as compared to the traditional waterfall methodology. Agile makes product development more efficient by breaking down the development process into smaller, iterative cycles or sprints. In order to follow this approach, it becomes essential to test often and keep the focus on continuously improving the product. New features are added in each sprint, thereby making agile test automation a necessity. Here’s what you should focus on while creating a test automation strategy for agile.
How to Create a Strategy for Agile Test Automation?
Identify What to Automate
The first step is to identify what to automate. A few things to consider in order to determine this are:
- Which functionality is critical to the business?
- Which functionalities will be used most frequently by the users?
- Which tests need different configurations in order to run effectively?
- Which test cases need to be run repeatedly using different test conditions and data?
Test Automation Approach
Unit tests need to be run after every build in agile development. These allow developers to identify where the bugs are, and implement the changes. It enables them to check their work as they proceed.
Once unit testing is complete, testers need to check whether all the components of the product are functioning in harmony with one another with the help of API/ integration/ component testing.
Considering that releases in agile development are fast and frequent, it can be easy to base the automation suite only on unit tests as this is the best code base to build the suite. However, doing this narrows the scope of automation and the tremendous value it can bring to product development. For automation to deliver value, it has to address system tests, integration tests, and functional and regression tests. To do this efficiently and to avoid technical debt, taking the ‘test first’ approach ensures that testing is integrated into the product development process from the very beginning.
A robust test automation suite is crucial for the success of agile development. However, it calls for taking an iterative approach to software testing. Building meaningful tests, choosing the right test automation tools and keeping maintainability and execution ease is critical for success. For agile test automation to be successful, it is also essential that the automated testing platform also has the ability to function as a cross-browser testing tool. Most automation testing frameworks tend to lack this ability. Therefore, choosing the right software automation testing tool is highly essential.