Limitations of Selenium Automation Testing

Selenium is one of the market leaders when it comes to test automation. Over the years Selenium automation testing has become extremely popular. Selenium is an open-source tool that is primarily used to automate browsers. It is widely used to automate Web applications for the purpose of testing. However, in spite of its popularity, Selenium automation testing has its fair share of limitations. Here’s what you need to consider before adopting Selenium for software testing:


Pop-up Windows

It can be challenging to automate an alert pop-up to either accept or close. Furthermore, Windows-based alerts are beyond the scope of Selenium’s capabilities since they’re part of the operating system and not the browser.


Selenium automation testing lacks the capability of handling captcha. There are third-party tools that can be used to automate captcha, but even then 100% results cannot be guaranteed.

Dynamic Elements

The nature of Web elements is often dynamic. Selenium has difficulty in automating when an element’s ID changes on every page load. In such cases, dynamic CSS selectors or dynamic XPaths are required to handle dynamic elements.


Selenium often gives flaky tests results, which means that the actual results will be the opposite of what it is depicted.

Mobile Testing

While Selenium automation testing can test on any browser on desktops or operating system, it’s scope is restricted when it comes to Mobile testing. It cannot run on native operating systems like iOS and Android.

Windows Application

Selenium automation testing only supports web-based applications. Windows-based applications can only be supported using a WinAmp driver.

Limited Reporting

While Selenium-based software testing can somehow automate testing, it barely supports reporting. Since it’s an open source tool, its features are limited and hence it cannot provide reporting on its own.

Multi-tab Testing

Selenium testing framework can test in multiple tabs. However, it may create obstacles if users don’t know the correct commands.


In order to use Selenium automation testing, testers need to have basic programming skills to write XPaths for Object Identification and knowledge of how a Web page works.

Manual Testing

Testers usually get excited about the capabilities promised by selenium automation testing tools. Their natural expectation would be that they can automate just about everything, however, in reality, this isn’t possible. A lot of manual testing efforts are required in selenium software testing.

Managing Test Artifacts

With time as your application grows and becomes heavier, managing test artifacts becomes challenging.

Even though it’s labeled as free, Selenium automation testing requires a substantial investment of both time and financial resources. Constant support and monitoring are needed to make it work which defeats the whole point of automation. Today’s highly competitive market demands the speed and intelligence of script-less automation testing. The speed and ease of script-less test automation helps in achieving a premium quality product while significantly reducing time-to-market. Qualitia’s script-less test automation platform is 5 times faster than other software testing tools and reduces time-to-market by 70%.

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